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Recalling the Wild: Naturalism and the Closing of the American West Mary Lawlor

Recalling the Wild: Naturalism and the Closing of the American West

Mary Lawlor

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Kindle Edition
240 pages
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 About the Book 

Ever since the first interactions between Europeans Native Americans, the West has served as a site of complex geographical, social, and cultural transformation. American literature is defined, in part, by the central symbols derived from theseMoreEver since the first interactions between Europeans Native Americans, the West has served as a site of complex geographical, social, and cultural transformation. American literature is defined, in part, by the central symbols derived from these points of contact. At the end of the nineteenth century, the Western frontier was declared closed, a demise solidified by Frederick Jackson Turners influential essay The Significance of the Frontier in American History (1893). At the same time, naturalism was popularized in the writings of Frank Norris, Stephen Crane, Jack London, Willa Cather, and the photographs of Edward Curtis. Though very different artists, they were united by their common attraction to the mythic American West.